Sep 22, 2015 |
The European Economic Community was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957. At that time it was made up of only six countries.
The Treaty of Maastricht created the European Union (EU).
The Council of Ministers
The Council of Ministers is made up of ministers who represent each of the EU member states. The Council of Ministers makes the final legal decisions on important issues based, mainly, on proposals from the European Commission. The Council represents the interests of the various national governments. Since the implementation of the Maastricht Treaty, the European Parliament also plays a part in the law-making process.
The presidency of the EU rotates every six months, in alphabetical order of country. The country which holds the EU presidency also presides over the Council of Ministers for that period.
The European Commission
The European Commission is the institution responsible for ensuring that the measures in the Treaties are carried out. Members of the European Commission are nominated for a five year term of office by each member state. The UK traditionally appoints one commissioner from the government and another from the opposition. The president of the European Commission is appointed by the government of member states. The European Commission is based in Brussels.
The European Parliament
The European Parliament is composed of publicly elected members from each member state. Elections are held every five years. The European Parliament is divided into political rather than national groupings, for example, the Socialist Group, the Christian Democratic Group and the Green Group. MEPs choose which group they wish to belong to.
The European Ombudsman can investigate maladministration in the activities of the European community institutions and bodies. These bodies include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the Court of Justice.
The Ombudsman will try to find a solution through conciliation to put matters right and satisfy the complainant. If the attempt at conciliation fails the European Ombudsman can make recommendations to the institution to solve the case. If the institution does not accept the Ombudsman’s recommendations, the Ombudsman can make a special report on the matter to the European parliament.
Sep 9, 2015 |
Russia has been fighting the information war on three fronts: the global media market, Russia’s domestic output and new, internet-based media. Although in denial about this, the global battle has been lost: state-sponsored English-language channel RT has been successful in its mimicry of the rolling news model of CNN and the histrionic style of Fox News, but its aggressively anti-western tone makes its agenda very evident. President Vladimir Putin’s victory is undisputed: the remaining independent radio and internet news sources are forced to work in an increasingly stifling environment and have only marginal reach compared to the dominant national TV networks.
THE Soviet Union was the prison of information and Vladimir Putin’s Russia risks becoming one too. That is the grim message of “The Red Web”, a well-researched and disturbing book by two brave Russian authors. They have now turned their attention to the Kremlin’s control of electronic information. Even before Mr Putin rose to power, internet-service providers had to install snooping devices. Whereas in the West, communications companies typically co-operate with the authorities when a judicial warrant identifies a target, in the Russian system the surveillance was like a dragnet.
Early efforts were futile. An attempt during elections in 2011 to swamp Livejournal knocked pages run by election monitors off the internet. Clumsy spam e-mails bearing toxic attachments to infect computers with snooping software appeared in opposition activists’ inboxes. Much more successful was a national blacklist of banned sites; Russia’s internet companies glumly co-operated in the intrusive inspection of suspect traffic.
More alarming still was the growing use of face-recognition technology. Anyone caught on a camera is logged, with their face turned into a mathematical matrix and stored on a database. Soviet-era voice-recognition technology reached new levels, selecting phone calls on the basis of key words. As in the Soviet period engineers enthuse over the technical challenges, seemingly unaware of the purposes their work serves.
The outlook is mostly bleak. Mr Putin dismisses the internet as a CIA operation, and warns Russian internet companies that they cannot hide. Given Russia’s anti-Western mood, that signals an open season on, say, firms with foreigners on their boards.
The Putin system, the authors write, relies mainly on intimidation, not outright coercion. The internet has been helpful to everyone as well as harmful to us too. Information has been accessible to everyone. Just one click in your keyboards and you can know anything and everything about anyone and everyone. Some websites and information has been helpful which everyone should be reading. These kinds of websites or blogs should be read by many people. Site traffic is hard for these days for those kinds of websites.
The European Commission has come up with a driverless car parking system. Through this, you will never have to waste your time looking for a space. Researchers from the major member countries like Germany, UK, Italy, and Switzerland are searching for ways to address car parking problems and the new driverless car parking system is the perfect answer. Earlier this year, a successful test was made and receives funding from the commission that amounts to €5.6 million.
The future of driverless car parking system
In the near future, a lot of people are foreseen to drive electric cars and will definitely switch from one mode of transportation to another. Hence, there will surely be a need for more parking options at the major transport hubs. As part of the preparation, V-CHARGE consortium is doing its best to come up with a fully automated parking as well as charging system for electric-operated cars at the public car parks.
Leave and get back to the car using smartphone application
With this driverless car parking system, the drivers will be able to leave their car in the car park and to trigger the parking process; the driver will only use a particular smartphone application. The vehicle will automatically connect with the server in the car park and will automatically drive itself to the available parking space. As a matter of fact, the application can also instruct the car to automatically go to charging station. After which, the car is fully charged and all set to go.
This project is set to conclude this coming 2015 and the result of this technology will be progressively commercialized in the next few years. So far, engineers are doing their best and are working with the already available equipment including the stereo camera and ultrasonic sensors. For more information about the European parking, just click here schipholparkerenvergelijken.nl.
Are you concerned as to whether you will have the same rights and access to facilities when parking your car in other European countries? If so, then you should refer to schipholparkerenvergelijken.nl. There is a standard model of parking card that can be availed by disabled people and the good news is that it is acknowledge in all European countries. The EU parking card enables disabled people to use certain parking facilities in all EU countries.
The recommendation for EU Parking card
The recommendation for the parking card aims to standardize the layout of parking cards for people with disabilities or so-called differently abled people. This is to facilitate the freedom of movement of these people by car. It as well contains provisions on what EU card should look like. There should be a thorough specification of the height, width, the type of materials used, colour, content of the card, and the manner the information is displayed to other countries.
The responsibility of issuing the card
It is still the European Commission’s responsibility to issue the EU card. The issuance is in regard with the countries’ definition of disability. The European dimension has impact on the free movement as well as the independent living of the disabled European citizens.
The European Commission makes sure that there is sufficient parking in the European road. There should be enough space to allow drivers to rest. The road should be able to adapt to the needs of the modern logistics, especially when it comes to capacity. There should be a secure and safe environment equipped with the right facilities for drivers and their cargo.
In 2007, a preliminary study was made and it includes the need for investment until 2020. For the TEN-T or Traseuropean Road Network alone, the budget amounts to 1.2 to 1.5 billion Euros. The European Commission has come up with initiatives to support and at the same time coordinate to its member states. The initiative focuses more on adequate number of parking as well as rest areas so as to meet the growing transport needs.
The significance of adequate parking and rest areas
Road infrastructure safety managements recognize the importance of having sufficient safe rest areas because through it road safety will be met and crime will be prevented. The legislation also makes sure that when new road is being constructed, there should be enough space for safe parking. There should be also a secure parking space for commercial vehicles and trucks.
On the other hand, pilot projects received financial support from the European Commission as a means of supporting secure parking areas, especially along the trans-European network. Furthermore, the parking areas should be classified as per the security and quality standards. For more inputs about European Commission’s take on adequate and safety road parking, feel free to click this site Schipholparkerenvergelijken.nl.
The European Commission has extended the credit line of Bulgaria to 3.3bn levs ($2.3bn; £1.4bn). This financial assistance aims to help the banking institutions in the country that have been a victim of the plot to undermine the banking system in the country. A total of five people were arrested because of it. The European Commission finds it necessary to help the country by providing credit line so as to meet the financial needs and make sure that there is enough liquidity in the country’s banking system.
The Bulgarian banking system
The European Commission stressed that the banking system of Bulgaria is fundamentally sound. It has high level of liquidity when compared to other banking institutions in other member states. However, the country has taken extra precautionary measures to increase its liquidity and to better safeguard its financial system.
Bulgaria’s central bank has taken over the Corporate Commercial Bank, which is the fourth largest lender in Bulgaria, which followed by a run on deposits. Other depositors rushed to withdraw their savings from the First Investment Bank, which is the third largest bank in the country. This has urge all state institutions to work hand in hand to protect the financial stability of the country and at the same time take legal actions against the spreading malicious rumours about the current condition of banking institutions in Bulgaria.
The European Commission has recommended different ways to boost the socio-economic condition of their member countries. The recommendations are of a mixed bag and if you want to know the highlights of those recommendations, then keep on reading below.
The French economy is a bit damning. The measures given by the fiscal consolidation isn’t enough to make sure that the country will be able to meet its economic target. There are areas of the French government wherein the socialist government will not be pleased. The commission also stressed the cost of French labour stating that the firm’s profitability has reduced. The European Commission highlighted the current flaws in the economy of French particularly the government’s lack of strategy.
The report of the Commission stressed that Germany should improve its condition to support domestic demand by simply reducing high taxes and the contributions to social security, especially for people with low wage. The Commission also asked the country to come up with a more ambitious measure to stimulate competition, especially in the services sector, educations, infrastructure, and research.
The Commission is somewhat in doubt on the latest budget forecast of Italy stating that the budgetary targets are not supported by detailed measures. By coming up with a detailed budget measures, the domestic debate between Matteo Renzi; Italian prime minister and his critics will be revived.
The European Commission suggested that Spain should reinforce their 2014 budgetary strategy and that the country should thoroughly specify the underlying measures for 2015 and beyond.
In 2011, the EU’s budget was € 140 billion, which is actually not enough when compared with the total national budget of the 27 EU member states. So, basically the average EU citizen is only paid 67 cents daily to finance the yearly budget in 2010. As a matter of fact, the EU budget is smaller than the budget intended to the medium-sized member state such as Belgium and/or Austria.
Looking at the EU budget in a more detailed way
Some people think that the commission has the highest budget, but in reality it is not. In fact, the EU budget is always balanced. The national budget continues to increase its spending. Who decides the EU budget? Well, the yearly EU budget is decided by the elected politicians both in the European Council and the European Parliament. The EU Commission proposed a Multiannual Financial Framework, which will be adopted as per the democratic procedures.
The European Commission has all the rights to propose law for adoption by the EU Council and the European Parliament. The primary role of the commission is to make proposals that will meet its obligations under the EU treaties. Prior to making proposals, the European Commission will first consult its stakeholders. Basically, the stakeholders and the commission in general will assess the potential economic, environmental, and social impact of the proposal.
This would only mean that the commission has the ability to legislate if the said action is more effective at the European level than the national, local, and regional level. If it is for the greater good of all, then it is important to implement the agreed objectives. Once the legislation of the commission is adopted, the commission will then make sure that the legislation will be correctly applied by its member countries.
The greater interest of the commission
The European Commission represents the best interest of the commission as a whole. It encompasses the new legislation of the European Union Council and the European Parliament. Furthermore, it ensures that the laws governing the European Commission will be strictly and correctly implemented by the member countries. The term commission pertains to the 28 commissioners and the institution as a whole.
The European Union is comprised by different countries and each of them is considered rich when it comes to economy and way of life. But it is not always a bed of roses for the member countries. As a matter of fact, about 200,000 companies across the European Union suffers bankruptcy or about to face bankruptcy on a yearly basis. This has led to about 1.7 million people risking their livelihood. There are a lot of things that should be done to make sure that the failing companies will be able to restructure at the earliest possible stage and be able to stay in the business.
The need for reform
It is a must to reform the national insolvency as it will be good for all concerned. It will protect and safeguard not only the businesses, but as well as the jobs. Furthermore, it will reduce the risk for investors, encourages cross border investment, and most importantly, it will improve the returns for creditors. How to achieve a consistent and stable system?
To come up with a more consistent system, the European Union recommends to the national governments to come up with the necessary measures that will help businesses to restructure at a very early stage. This is even more effective as compared with pushing the companies towards liquidation; although it is always the case.
What are the possible measures that would be greatly beneficial for the companies facing possible bankruptcy?
- To help the companies in restricting prior to court proceeding or any insolvency.
- To provide companies who are facing difficulties a breathing space of up to 4 months to fully adapt to the restricting plans prior to the creditor’s launching enforcement proceedings.
- To cancel the entrepreneurs debt within three years after the bankruptcy.